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What is congenital spinal stenosis?

If you have received a diagnosis of congenital spinal stenosis, it means that you were born with a particularly narrow spinal canal or that your genetic structure makes you susceptible to the development of spinal narrowing early in life. Since congenital spinal stenosis usually does not produce symptoms early on, most people with this condition are not aware that they have it until they reach adulthood.

To understand what it means to have congenital spinal stenosis, it helps to have a general knowledge of what spinal stenosis is and how it develops over time. As you age, it’s natural for your spinal canal to experience some narrowing. Bone spurs grow, discs bulge and ligaments thicken — all of these issues and more begin to take up space in your spinal canal. Eventually, this narrowing can press upon surrounding tissues and nerves, causing pain and other symptoms outlined below.

Congenital spinal stenosis symptoms

Most people with spinal stenosis have what’s called acquired spinal stenosis. This means they were born with a relatively normal spinal column that experienced narrowing over time as a result of the aging process. The acquired form of spinal stenosis typically occurs in people over the age of 50.

For a person with congenital spinal stenosis, however, spinal stenosis symptoms can start much earlier. If someone is born with a narrow spinal canal, even the slightest age-related changes can result in spinal stenosis symptoms. People with the congenital, or inherited, form of spinal stenosis may have symptoms in their 40s, 30s, 20s or even earlier.

Congenital spinal stenosis is rare and it cannot be detected before birth, nor can it be prevented. Additionally, its incidence crosses genders, ethnicities and body types, but it tends to be more common in shorter people and in those born with achondroplasia dwarfism.

With congenital spinal stenosis, as well as acquired spinal stenosis, the narrowing of any part of the spinal canal or spinal vertebrae places unusual pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots, and painful symptoms are usually the result.

Symptoms of spinal stenosis, whether it is congenital or acquired, can include:

  • Leg cramping and weakness
  • Pain radiating to the shoulders, arms, buttocks, hips, legs, toes and fingers
  • Pain in the area where spinal stenosis originates, such as the lower back
  • Numbness, stiffness or loss of flexibility

Spinal stenosis can be located anywhere in the spinal column, but lumbar spinal stenosis, or spinal stenosis in the lower back, is the most common form of the condition. Cervical spinal stenosis, which occurs in the neck, is also quite common.

Treatments for congenital spinal stenosis

If you have been diagnosed with either acquired or congenital spinal stenosis, your physician may have recommended a number of conservative spinal stenosis treatments, including rest, hot/cold therapy, anti-inflammatory medications or epidural steroid injections. If your case of spinal stenosis is severe, and your ability to work, exercise and travel is limited, traditional open spine surgery may have been suggested by your doctor.

However, there is a safer and effective alternative to traditional open spine surgery^ and that’s USA Spine Care’s minimally invasive spine surgery. Since 2005, our dedicated team has helped more than 75,000 patients find relief from chronic neck or back pain. Contact our dedicated team with any questions or concerns you may have about our outpatient procedures.

We are pleased to offer a no-cost MRI review* to determine if you may be a candidate for our procedures.

Learn more today

If you're living with spinal stenosis in the upper spine and searching for relief, reach out to USA Spine Care for help. Our multidisciplinary team is dedicated to helping people develop the right care plan to  reach treatment goals and achieve lasting relief.

Contact us today to learn more. Call toll free 1-866-249-1627.

Spinal Stenosis "Quick Answers"

Depending on the region and severity Spinal stenosis feels like tingling, burning and/or weakness in the hands, arms, neck, lower back or legs. It may also feel like a radiating pain or shooting shock-like pain. Read more in the links below: Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Overview Defining Spinal Stenosis Researching Spinal Stenosis Learning About Back Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Pathophysiology
The types of spinal stenosis are region based and consist of cervical (neck), thoracic (mid back) and lumbar or lower back. In addition, foraminal stenosis is the narrowing of the foramen. Read more in the links below: Spinal Stenosis of the Neck Cervical Stenosis - Basic Facts Neck Stenosis Causes Neck Stenosis Treatment Central Canal Stenosis Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis in the Back
Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. This condition, most often located in the Lumbar spine, may be caused by degeneration of the spine, wear and tear, sports injury, & collapsing discs. Read more in the links below. What Causes Spinal Stenosis? Obesity May Lead to a Stenosis Diagnosis Age and its Role in the Development of Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Causes Identifying Common Causes From Birth Defects to Getting Older Degenerative Conditions Car Accident Injuries
The symptoms of spinal stenosis include tingling or numbness in the extremities, pain and weakness in the neck, back and/or legs. In severe cases bladder, bowel dysfunction/continence. Learn more in the links below: What Are the Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis? Spinal Stenosis Symptoms Spinal Stenosis Diagnosis What Should I Do If I Think I Have Spinal Stenosis? Spinal Stenosis and Hand Pain Recognizing Spinal Stenosis Have You Been Diagnosed? About Your Diagnosis Diagnostic Process Helping Your Physician How a Diagnosis Is Made Arriving at a Diagnosis
Physician specialties that treat spinal stenosis include: Pain management & rehabilitation physicians, spine surgeons, orthopedic specialists & neurosurgeons. Read more about these specialties in the links below: Doctors Who Treat Spinal Stenosis Spinal Decompression Doctors
Patients can expect recovery to last 4-6 weeks in most cases (depending on the complexity of your condition). People who choose minimally invasive spine surgery recover faster and get back to work sooner than those who choose open back surgery. Read more in the links below: Recovery After a Procedure What to Expect Recovery Times

  • Problems from anesthesia.
  • A deep infection in the surgical wound.
  • A skin infection.
  • Blood clots.
  • Nerve injury, including weakness, numbness, or paralysis.
  • Tears in the fibrous tissue that covers the spinal cord and the nerve near the spinal cord. These tears may require more surgery.
  • Trouble passing urine, or loss of bladder or bowel control.
  • Long-term (chronic) pain, which happens after surgery in some cases.
  • The chance that the surgery won't relieve your symptoms. And even if you get better with surgery, there is a chance that you may get new symptoms in the future.
  • Death from problems caused by surgery, but this is rare.

Read more in the links below: Overview of Risk Factors Most Common Risk Factors Obesity & Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis & Arthritis Treating Elderly Patients

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