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A spinal stenosis cause — birth defects

In addition to disease or injury, spinal stenosis can have another cause — one that isn’t discussed as frequently: birth defects. Spinal stenosis refers to the gradual narrowing of the spinal canal or one of the foramen in the vertebrae, eventually leading to nerve compression and neck or back pain. Known as acquired spinal stenosis, this deterioration of the spine is extremely common in patients as they grow older and can be expedited by the presence of a traumatic injury or a condition like degenerative disc disease. Primary spinal stenosis, on the other hand, refers to stenosis that a person is born with and can’t prevent. This inherited syndrome can leave an individual with a spinal canal that is narrower than others, which is not necessarily symptomatic, but can increase the likelihood of back problems that can appear later in life — or even as early as a person’s teens or twenties.

Symptoms of primary spinal stenosis

By itself, having a spinal canal that is narrower than an average spine’s isn’t necessarily problematic. In fact, many people who experience primary spinal stenosis don’t even know they have it until adulthood when they begin to develop back problems. Neck or back pain only occurs when the spinal canal (or vertebral foramen) becomes so constricted that the nerve it is supposed to protect actually becomes compressed. This nerve compression can lead to a number of pain-related symptoms, including:

  • Neck or back pain, ranging from sharp pain to a dull, throbbing discomfort
  • Unexpected muscle weakness
  • Pain that seems to radiate or travel along the pinched nerve
  • Acute loss of motor function or reflexes
  • In emergency cases, incontinence or loss of bladder control


The good news is that primary spinal stenosis is just one cause of back pain and is nowhere near as common as acquired spinal stenosis. If you are experiencing neck or back pain, the only way to clearly identify the source of your discomfort is by visiting your physician for a full examination. To learn more about spinal stenosis and if you are a candidate for the state-of-the-art, minimally invasive, outpatient procedures performed by the surgeons at USA Spine Care, contact us today.

Learn more today

If you're living with spinal stenosis in the upper spine and searching for relief, reach out to USA Spine Care for help. Our multidisciplinary team is dedicated to helping people develop the right care plan to  reach treatment goals and achieve lasting relief.

Contact us today to learn more. Call toll free 1-866-249-1627.

Spinal Stenosis "Quick Answers"

Depending on the region and severity Spinal stenosis feels like tingling, burning and/or weakness in the hands, arms, neck, lower back or legs. It may also feel like a radiating pain or shooting shock-like pain. Read more in the links below: Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Overview Defining Spinal Stenosis Researching Spinal Stenosis Learning About Back Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Pathophysiology
The types of spinal stenosis are region based and consist of cervical (neck), thoracic (mid back) and lumbar or lower back. In addition, foraminal stenosis is the narrowing of the foramen. Read more in the links below: Spinal Stenosis of the Neck Cervical Stenosis - Basic Facts Neck Stenosis Causes Neck Stenosis Treatment Central Canal Stenosis Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis in the Back
Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal. This condition, most often located in the Lumbar spine, may be caused by degeneration of the spine, wear and tear, sports injury, & collapsing discs. Read more in the links below. What Causes Spinal Stenosis? Obesity May Lead to a Stenosis Diagnosis Age and its Role in the Development of Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis Causes Identifying Common Causes From Birth Defects to Getting Older Degenerative Conditions Car Accident Injuries
The symptoms of spinal stenosis include tingling or numbness in the extremities, pain and weakness in the neck, back and/or legs. In severe cases bladder, bowel dysfunction/continence. Learn more in the links below: What Are the Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis? Spinal Stenosis Symptoms Spinal Stenosis Diagnosis What Should I Do If I Think I Have Spinal Stenosis? Spinal Stenosis and Hand Pain Recognizing Spinal Stenosis Have You Been Diagnosed? About Your Diagnosis Diagnostic Process Helping Your Physician How a Diagnosis Is Made Arriving at a Diagnosis
Physician specialties that treat spinal stenosis include: Pain management & rehabilitation physicians, spine surgeons, orthopedic specialists & neurosurgeons. Read more about these specialties in the links below: Doctors Who Treat Spinal Stenosis Spinal Decompression Doctors
Patients can expect recovery to last 4-6 weeks in most cases (depending on the complexity of your condition). People who choose minimally invasive spine surgery recover faster and get back to work sooner than those who choose open back surgery. Read more in the links below: Recovery After a Procedure What to Expect Recovery Times

  • Problems from anesthesia.
  • A deep infection in the surgical wound.
  • A skin infection.
  • Blood clots.
  • Nerve injury, including weakness, numbness, or paralysis.
  • Tears in the fibrous tissue that covers the spinal cord and the nerve near the spinal cord. These tears may require more surgery.
  • Trouble passing urine, or loss of bladder or bowel control.
  • Long-term (chronic) pain, which happens after surgery in some cases.
  • The chance that the surgery won't relieve your symptoms. And even if you get better with surgery, there is a chance that you may get new symptoms in the future.
  • Death from problems caused by surgery, but this is rare.

Read more in the links below: Overview of Risk Factors Most Common Risk Factors Obesity & Spinal Stenosis Spinal Stenosis & Arthritis Treating Elderly Patients

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